Sunday, June 28, 2020

Leadership and Leadership Theories Management Term Paper - 3300 Words

Leadership and Leadership Theories Management Term Paper (Term Paper Sample) Content: Leadership, Motivation and Understanding TeamsNameInstitutionPart A: Leadership and Leadership TheoryLeading with Integrity: Quovas Marie Alexander 1 Management and LeadershipManagement is an act of controlling a set of discrete units to achieve a goal. Leadership refers to an individual's ability to sway, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward organizational success (Bertocci, 2009). That is, a manager relies on control while a leader stimulates trust. The manager has a short-term perspective of the environment in which an organization operates. A leader, on the other hand, has a long-term focus.The manager accepts the way things are, meaning they are contented and would only work to safeguard that and tries to be right. The leader is impatient and challenges the existence of things and only wants to do the right thing.The difference between leaders and managers is that leaders have people follow them, while managers have people who work for them. A success ful business owner needs to be both a strong leader and manager to get their team on board to follow them towards their vision of success (Kouzes Posner, 2010).Marie Alexander is both a Manager and a LeaderMarie Alexander is both a Manager and a Leader because; his leadership style challenges the existence of things, but at the same time, safeguard the already established standards. The system and structure are maintained while the focus on the people is made in order to develop them for maximum performance. 2 Marie Alexander believes that leadership is behavioral.Behavioral theories of leadership focus on the study of specific personality traits of a leader. This theory suggests that actions of an individual are the best indicator of a leadership style, and best predict leadership success.Difference between behavioral theories of leadership and trait theoriesBehavioral theories of leadership are different from trait theories in that, behavioral believe leaders are made (Northouse, 2013). The describable traits or capabilities of these leaders are easy to teach and learn and to adopt. The success of such leadership is based on precise and learned behavior. That is, behavioral theorists, look at what leaders do.The trait theory of leadership assumes that leaders are born and not made; therefore, they own the right characteristics that are suitable for leadership. The theory establishes behavioral traits that are similar in leadership. (Goethals Sorenson, 2006).In conclusion, trait theories of leadership identify the specific traits that differentiate leaders from non-leaders. They are based on the undertaking that leadership quality is inherited or innate, rather than being acquired through learning.Marie Alexander leadership styleMarie Alexander a laissez-faire leader. This is because of the belief that, as long as people have learned desirable qualities then they are able to make decisions on their own. They can, therefore, be in charge of their own workloa ds. Because of these acquired skills and knowledge, leadership should provide independence (Robbins, et al. 2007). This provides them with a feeling of belonging and important to the company.The people, who have acquired the leadership skills for success, are independent and can be responsible enough to maintain control of their own work. Because they are people with some skill-level, they do not need to be pushed by their seniors (Robbins, et al. 2007). 3 The consistency of Marie Alexanders form of hands-under leadership to the path goal theory.This is a leadership style where leaders take a complete view of their field in which they operate. Leaders take notice of the right people who they can put their confidence in to help drive the organization agenda. The work of the leaders is to facilitate and mobilize resources. Hands-under leadership spend time planning for the future with great strategies and guide others to help with implementation. This is in direct contrast to where le aders are very busy doing almost everything without leaving subordinates to be independent in their work.The Path-Goal theory is based on the identification of a leader's personal characteristics that the employee can best adapt to and the work environment in order to achieve an objective. The objective is to improve employees' motivation and empower them to become productive members of the organization. This theory provides a useful conceptual framework for understanding how varied behaviors affect work.The path-goal theory tries to blend the principles of expectancy theory to that of the theory of leadership (Robbins, et al, 2007). Leaders clarify the routes to the goals and guide the people achieve the goals while avoiding impediments. The consistency in both theories is that the two theories start by an understanding of objectives for goal achievement.Part B: Motivation 1 Theory of motivation that is most applicable to describe the motivation of the employees of DevFacto.Letting employees guide their own work is one of the best ways to take control of hearts and minds which is a significant driver of engagements. They have a lot of influence over assigned projects and allow them to plan their own work.DevFacto has an operational policy of putting people first which has enabled them to have an average annual employee retention rate of 98% for three consecutive years. This has earned them to be named 50 Best Small and Medium Employers.The company also pays for trips and vacations as a reward for excellent performance. For instance, McKinnon was given a pair of tickets to catch a show for himself and the wife in addition to the paid trip for all staff. The company is recognizing its employees; the love for recognition stimulates performance (Northouse, 2013). 2 Methods to use to motivate minimum-wage employees working for a small company that makes pastriesMany of the minimum-wage employees are young and are new inductees in the labor force; with the majority being part-time or temporary workers. The labor market has an influx of this group of people most attracted to the health care and food service industries, as well as retail. This, therefore, means that the sectors must find ways to motivate the low-paid workers to be devoted, occupied and productive. The understanding of what excites and engages them; in addition to finding some good motivation tools for them will ultimately solve many of the management puzzles.Provision of private health insurance benefit. Minimum-wage workers are not paid any benefits such as private health insurance. Because of their modest pay and their inability to afford this insurance, it is important to motivate them by either payment of their health insurance benefit on their behalf.Methods to use to motivate Professional and Technical employees working for Software design company.Software engineers have usually derived their motivation from within themselves as a result prefers confidential rather than p ublic recognition. Determining a culture in which people are constantly recognized and an expression of gratitude to co-workers and staff can make for a happy workforce.These cadres of employees would like to work with organizations that offer opportunities for growth for their employees. It is, therefore, the responsibility of Managers to be aware of what works for the future of employees. This is important as many engineers would want to be assured that they would continue to grow internally.Software engineers work well in surrounding areas where they have the support of technical talents. Teamwork is important to engineers as they work well together when surrounded by such skilled people. It is important that the engineers should be surrounded with talented people.Respect. This is the most important motivator that individuals in this cadre needs. The employees technical and intelligence aptitude should be recognized. Their opinions and insights are important to the organization. A culture of respect means understanding how to best motivate each unique employee by genuinely caring about their happiness and their interest in success.Part C: Understanding Groups and Teams 1 Challenges of managing in a team environmentAt some point when I was in World Class Manufacturing (WCM) project meant to reduce downtime at the initial stage, there were several challenges. The challenges span from mistrust, conflict, and m...

Monday, June 1, 2020

Imagine Being Stranded On An Island - Free Essay Example

Imagine being stranded on an island. Your first instincts would be to get shelter, find food ,and to find a way out the island. Being marooned can be a life or death situation. It can bring up new challenges and self discovery. When a group of young boys gets stranded on an island together with no adults, they must learn to live and survive as a group. Not only must they worry about food and shelter, but they also have to worry about each other and discover what it takes to work together. In Goldings Novel, Lord of the Flies, the contrasting literary themes of civilization vs. savagery are illustrated through the use of symbols, the dialogue, and visual imagery. William Golding uses many symbols throughout his novel to illustrate the contrasting themes of civilization versus savagery. In this novel, the use of the conch represents civilization and order. When the boys first land on the island, Ralph uses the conch to join everyone together. Signs of life were visible now on the beach. The sand, trembling beneath the heat haze, concealed many figures in its miles of length; boys were making their way to the platform (page 18). This shows that at the beginning, the conch automatically brought everyone together, and joined them as a community. Later in the story, the lord of the flies represents the savagery by symbolizing chaos and disorder. After the boys kill a pig, they leave the head as an offering to the imagined beast. As Simon begins talking to the head, it tells him that it itself is the beast. Later, Ralph encounters the skull of the pig. A sick fear and rage swept him. Fiercely he hit out at the filthy thing in front of him that bobbed like a toy and came back, still grinning in his face, so that he lashed and cried out in loathing. (page 185). This shows that the lord of the flies brings out the beast in the children themselves, and shows that all along, they in fact were their own beast. Golding also uses pieces of dialogue to illustrate the contrasting themes of civilization vs. savagery. In the very beginning, Piggy proves to be the most knowledgeable of the group by trying to keep them in order and civilized. When the group is talking about building a signal fire to be rescued, Piggy says, How can you expect to be rescued if you dont put first things first and act properly? (page 45). This shows that from the very beginning Piggy thinks there should be ordered, and a clear plan for anything successful to happen on the island. Also around this time, the theme of savagery through dialogue begins with Jack. After hunting for the first time, Jack explains to Ralph that he sent his group back while he continued to hunt by himself. I went on, said Jack. ?I let them go. I had to go to go on. I†? He tried to convey the compulsion to track down and kill that was swallowing him up. ?I went on. I thought of myself†? The madness came into his eyes again. ?I thought I might kill. (page 51). This is the beginning of Jacks transformation from civilized to savage. At this time killing becomes his main priority over everything. Lastly, William Golding uses visual imagery throughout his novel to illustrate the contrasting themes of civilization vs. savagery. In the beginning, Golding uses visual imagery to represent civilization when Ralph uses the conch to unite everyone together. At last Ralph ceased to blow and sat there, the conch trailing from one hand, his head bowed on his knees. As the echoes died away so did the laughter, and there was silence. (page 19). This shows that at the beginning, everyone came together in a civilized manner and was silent so that they could listen to the conversations that they were going to have. Later in the book, Golding yet again uses visual imagery to represent savagery during the killing of Simon. The beast struggled forward, broke the ring, and fell over the steep edge of the rock to the sand by the water. At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt onto the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws. (Page 153). This shows that by this point, the only thing the boys cared about was hunting, and they would hunt anything they could. This act was only the beginning of murder in this story, and later led to the murder of other boys. In Goldings Novel, Lord of the Flies, the contrasting literary themes of civilization vs savagery are illustrated through the use of symbols, the dialogue, and the visual imagery. Though in the beginning many things joined the boys together on the island, in the end, things tore them apart more than they would have expected. Overall, this book conveys that human beings are savage by nature, and are moved by primal urges toward selfishness, brutality, and dominance ov er others.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Compton Effect or Compton Scattering in Physics

The Compton effect (also called Compton scattering) is the result of a high-energy photon  colliding with a target, which releases loosely bound electrons from the outer shell of the atom or molecule. The scattered radiation experiences a wavelength shift that cannot be explained in terms of classical wave theory, thus lending support to Einsteins  photon theory. Probably the most important implication of the effect is that it showed light could not be fully explained according to wave phenomena.  Compton scattering is one example of a type of inelastic scattering of light by a charged particle. Nuclear scattering also occurs, although the Compton effect typically refers  to the interaction with electrons. The effect was first demonstrated in 1923 by Arthur Holly Compton (for which he received a 1927 Nobel Prize  in Physics). Comptons graduate student, Y.H. Woo, later verified the effect. How Compton Scattering Works The scattering is demonstrated is pictured in the diagram. A high-energy photon (generally X-ray or gamma-ray) collides with a target, which has loosely-bound electrons in its outer shell. The incident photon has the following energy E and linear momentum p: E hc / lambdap E / c The photon gives part of its energy to one of the almost-free electrons, in the form of kinetic energy, as expected in a particle collision. We know that total energy and linear momentum must be conserved. Analyzing these energy and momentum relationships for the photon and electron, you end up with three equations: energyx-component momentumy-component momentum ... in four variables: phi, the scattering angle of the electrontheta, the scattering angle of the photonEe, the final energy of the electronE, the final energy of the photon If we care only about the energy and direction of the photon, then the electron variables can be treated as constants, meaning that its possible to solve the system of equations. By combining these equations and using some algebraic tricks to eliminate variables, Compton arrived at the following equations (which are obviously related, since energy and wavelength are related to photons): 1 / E - 1 / E 1/( me c 2) * (1 - cos theta)lambda - lambda h/(me c) * (1 - cos theta) The value h/(me c) is called the Compton wavelength of the electron and has a value of 0.002426 nm (or 2.426 x 10-12 m). This isnt, of course, an actual wavelength, but really a proportionality constant for the wavelength shift. Why Does This Support Photons? This analysis and derivation are based on a particle perspective and the results are easy to test. Looking at the equation, it becomes clear that the entire shift can be measured purely in terms of the angle at which the photon gets scattered. Everything else on the right side of the equation is a constant. Experiments show that this is the case, giving great support to the photon interpretation of light. Edited by Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Family Centered Care At The Hospital - 992 Words

During a patient stay in the hospital the most important care given is to encourage family centered care. Last year, my younger sister had reoccurring strep throat. Which lead to her decision to get her tonsils removed. My sister is terrified of needles and the idea of a hospital makes her jump out of her skin; she can be a horrible patient. While being admitted the nurse was very kind and patient. Her nurse needed to get an IV into her arm; while doing this the nurse explained everything that she needed to do and even distracted my sister by creating conversation with her. The nurse also noticed how nervous she was and gave her a lilac smelling stick. At the time the hospital was conducting an experiment to see if the stick decreased nerves before an operation. While we waited we tried keeping her mind off the operation to help her nerves stay low. After a little while, we were moved into the operating rooms waiting room. In the waiting room we meet the operating room nurse, the anesthesiologist and the doctor. They came out to talk to us before the surgery. They explained what was going to happen and this relieved some of the anxiety my sister was feeling as well as my Mom and I. Since my sister was on the older side of getting her tonsils out, the operating room nurse; who also had her tonsils removed at an older age, shared her experience and told my sister it was the best thing she has ever done. When she said this, my sister was automatically less nervous andShow MoreRelatedFamily Centered Care At The Hospital1279 Words   |  6 PagesDuring a patients’ stay in the hospital the most important care given is to encourage family centered care. Last year, my younger sister had recurring strep throat. Which lead to the decision to get her tonsils removed. My sister is terrified of needles and the idea of a hospital makes her jump out of her skin; she can be a horrible patient. While being admitted the nurse was very kind and patient. Her nurse n eeded to get an IV into her arm; while doing this the nurse explained everything that sheRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Hospital Essay1415 Words   |  6 Pageshad to go to a hospital. I am certain those memories are likely either blocked out from your head, or are not very pleasant. Many children often dread going to the hospital as they view the hospital as a place where many injections take place and where there are many sick people. Looking from a children’s perspective, a hospital has a bad smell, which is a very distinct disinfectant smell that is usually present in most hospitals. The environment of the hospital or upcoming hospital visits can makeRead MorePatient Centered Care At Florence Nightingale1232 Words   |  5 PagesPatient Centered Care Florence Nightingale paved the way for patient centered care in nursing. She realized that patients should be treated with dignity, respect and treatments that are in the best health interest of the patient. The Institute of Medicine defines patient-centered care (PCC) as â€Å"care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs and values,† ensuring that patient values guide all clinical decisions. (Finkelstein, 2012) Being hospitalized can be aRead MoreFamily Centered Care During The Postpartum Setting1168 Words   |  5 PagesFamily Centered Care in the Postpartum Setting Although an admission into a facility with the purpose of bringing new life into the world is a joyous time for a family; any visit to a hospital setting may still evoke stress and anxiety for both for the family and the patient. Utilizing family centred care, this stress and anxiety can be decreased by collaborating and ensuring that the patients’ needs are met and satisfied (Neal et al., 2007). Family centered care recognizes that a patient is notRead MorePersonal Statement On Self Management1573 Words   |  7 Pagesfeel more involved in their plan of care and gain power and understanding to their ongoing care in a SMART goal manner. This will be carried out by making the patients and families feel comfortable warm welcoming when it comes to making decisions in the healthcare setting. I will help them understand to their level of comprehension by involving them in activities related to self management in their health and care. By being there to assist the patient and fam ily during the time of health support willRead MoreHow Business Practices And Regulatory Requirements Impact On And Family Centered Healthcare1256 Words   |  6 PagesImpact Patient- and Family-Centered Healthcare Through the Internet, massive amounts of information are just a click away. Healthcare professionals, media, and government agencies encourage people to make informed decisions pertaining to their health. Therefore, people may choose their hospitals through reported statistics. Governing organizations motivate hospitals by what they required to report. Hospitals are analyzing expenses to cut costs and improve the quality of care. Consequently, institutionsRead MoreImportance And Benefits Of Quality Improvement1349 Words   |  6 PagesQuality improvement (QI) involves the regular and constant actions that enable measurable improvement in health care. QI results in enhanced health services, organizational efficiency, quality and safe care to patients, and desired health outcomes for individuals and patient populations (U. S. Department of Health and Human Service, 2011). A successful quality improvement program is patient-centered, a collaboration of teams, and uses data in syst ems. QI helps to develop a culture of excellence in nursingRead MoreProfessional Development : Finding A Bsn Program Essay758 Words   |  4 Pagesthe ability to provide quality care, achieve personal and professional satisfaction to their client through evidence base practice, and advance their career. The Magnet founders also recognize that nursing is about more than bedside skills and clinical techniques. Higher education can help nurses develop critical thinking and better communication skills, as well as openness to new ideas and new models of care – resulting in the highest possible standard of patient care (Preparing for magnet status:Read MoreThe Impact Of Patient Centered Care On Quality Of Patient Care1158 Words   |  5 PagesImpact of Patient-Centered Care on Quality of Patient Care Rachel Stoller, RN Robert Morris University â€Æ' What would happen if patients were able to create their own healthcare experience? What would it look like? How would they benefit? I plan to discuss these hypotheticals through research regarding Patient-Centered Care. After all, studies and surveys performed by the Institute of Medicine and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, read that engaged patients in any health care setting, have betterRead MoreImprovement Of Patient Centered Care1304 Words   |  6 Pages Improvement of patient-centered care in the ICU (Capitalize title) Ilia Azhar, Maria Biffoni, Irina House, Renee LaBlanc Atlantic Cape Community College Patient-centered care is focused on the individual s health and needs, it empowers patient to be an active participant in their care along with doctors, nurses and other specialists. This requires that physicians, radiologic technologists radiologists and other health care providers develop good communication skills and address patient

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The And Of Southern Africa - 1095 Words

We live in an age where resources that are essential to our survival are not yielded from our immediate environment, but acquired through legal tender which we have earned through labor. This allows western societies to thrive in all types of natural habitat. Whether you live in Nevada, or Alaska, you can always walk into a local grocery store and purchase a carton of milk, despite the fact that neither is a good place to raise cattle. This kind of arrangement has simplified our lives to a certain extent, but it has also caused a disconnection between us and mother nature. For centuries, our ancestors’ survival was inorexably linked to their surrounding environment. Their survival depended on their ability to interpret and negotiate†¦show more content†¦Their survival and culture is linked in several ways. Sharing is a prominent part of their culture. They are aware that in order to survival in such a harsh environment they must look after each other and share their food equally. There is also no disparity among the sexes, because more often than not, it is the women who bring home the lion’s share of the food. The !Kung people are also keenly aware of the land’s need to regenerate, therefore they often move camp so as to not exhaust the land completely. Due to the need for these moves they have also downplayed materialism by not amassing personal effects and traveling light. These adaptations have proven to be essential to their survival in the Kalahari Desert. Elsewhere in the world, different strategies have to be developed to negotiate equally or more hostile landscapes. In the arctic tundra of the north, the Inuit people have found ingenious ways of parlaying with the land. Despite the bleak landscape, the Inuit is able to make the most out of even the most discerning environment. Since the icy tundra supports little to no vegetation, the inuit’s diet is solely dependent on game and fish. An average inui t’s diet ranges from fish, seal, to arctic foxes, and polar bears. None of which makes an easy catch, but they take what they’ve learned from their surrounding and what they have learned while observing the animals in it to succeed in catching all available food. They consume

History, Development, and Societal Impact of the Internet

AO2 Drivers for continued development Technological Advances in technology have encouraged progression of the internet and have sometime been a drive of development. The advert of broadband has allowed communications to be faster, which has facilitated the transfer of larger file such as sound and video. This ability marked the beginning of the modern era of sites such as YouTube and iTunes. When looking at the technical side, the internet is developing rapidly. The reason for this would be that the technology today. Such as windows 8, this has appeared on msn advertisements, which shows us a sneak peak of what is different about it from the previous windows 7. Because the internet has new ideas that are getting more and more to a†¦show more content†¦Therefore, the internet has a long way to go before meeting the standards. Many years ago, the political process was not used within the internet. It has been said that the General Election would become a success if the internet could hold the answer to solve its problems. How ever, this does have its disadvantage because the internet could maybe cause political standards to collapse. Also to the point that Stuart MacLennan was fired from being a Labour Candidate because of unpleasant posts, he made on social network site Twitter. However, it had been said that these sort of problems needed to be dealt with when it comes to the web, because they can â€Å"come back to bite you†. Due to the internet growing and increasing more and more by the minute, those political organizations have tried to deal with it by getting people online to listen; this is because of the changes that are happening within different communication over the internet. Even through social network sites like twitter, Facebook had helped Barack Obama to gain more assistance and supporting with financial support to becoming president of United States of America in terms of getting more votes. However, is a disadvantage because when it came to Labour Mr MacLennan’s remarks over the network site Twitter and that this had been the case that had been explained by well-acknowledged people that things within the internet could be easily retrieved once deleted. In addition, those users should think many timesShow MoreRelatedSociology as a Perspective 1332 Words   |  6 Pageseveryday lives. According to Peter L. Berger sociological perspective is described as the link between societal ev ents and an individual’s life. Sociological perspective relates to sociological imagination, which was coined by C Wright Mills to illustrate the type of insight brought by the field of sociology (Isaksen undated). These concepts enlighten people’s understanding on the interactions between history and biography. Sociological imagination is based on the individual’s capability to be objectiveRead MoreA World Without Borders Essay1239 Words   |  5 PagesThe 21st century’s advanced technology has revolutionized the world. Marshall McLuhan, a Canadian communications theorist educator, writer and social reformer, acknowledged a societal change since the phenomenal development of the World Wide Web. The theorist stated that â€Å"The medium, or process, of our time - electric technology is reshaping and restructuring patterns of social interdependence and every aspect of our personal life. It is forcing us to reconsider and re-evaluate practically everyRead MoreInternet Marketing Relevance and Consumer Attitudes toward Internet Advertising1245 Words   |  5 PagesThis paper discusses internet marketing relevance and investigates antecedents of consumer attitudes toward Internet Advertisement. The analysis is based on a consumer survey conducted in India as well as other countri es. For this purpose, a representative quota sample of Internet users in India has been interviewed. The finding of this study provides marketers with an understanding of consumers, their attitude toward advertising, so designers and marketers can better strategize their advertisingRead MoreHistorical Evolution and Development of the Various Mass Media970 Words   |  4 PagesThroughout history there have been several factors that contributed to the historical evolution and development of the various mass media in the United States. Print, broadcast, and electronic media have changed drastically since man was first introduced to them. The speed of these changes are occurring more rapidly now, altering the different forms of media along with it. Though these changes have brought forth many benefits, a few negative impacts have been brought along as well. Print mediaRead MoreA Virtual Community By Rene Lysloff1505 Words   |  7 Pagesobservation on the internet , allowing them to experience a virtual community; this shapes their understanding and knowledge of this concept. For that reason each individual has different criteria which they believe a community must correlate to, in order for it to be classed as a virtual community. Furthermore, another issue surrounding the ability to come to terms with a definition is the lack of research behind virtual communities. Rene Lysloff, author of ‘Musical Community on the internet; An On-lineRead MoreThe Arrival And Proliferation Of Technology1330 Words   |  6 Pagesarrival and proliferation of technologies that are created leads to one understanding of a social adept community with a developed connection, an effective communication with others, and an understanding of cultures. With societal innovation and the combination of technology and the internet, it introduced a social conn ection and efficient platform for the community. On the other hand, one may understand that such technological advances cause people to be distracted and isolated. In such a spectrum, peopleRead MoreCell Phones And Its Impact On Society929 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction Cell phones play an important role in the exchange of information throughout the world today. The impact of this technological revolution across the globe has demonstrated a drastic change in which humans interact by carrying out real-time communication using cell phones. An analysis by Ezoe et al., (2009) in a survey about Harvard University students behaviors and addictions when using phones concluded that more than 65% of the college students directly interact with phones and moreRead MoreThesis1157 Words   |  5 Pagesand modify user-generated content. [Source: http://beedie.sfu.ca/files/PDF/research/McCarthy_Papers/2011_Social_Media_BH.pdf] INTERNET SITES Engaging Youth in Social Media: Is Facebook the New Media Frontier? http://blog.newscloud.com/research/Research_HotDish_Summary.pdf The article focuses on engaging the young people to contribute their thoughts on important societal issues and be engaged in community news through social media. A social media experiment was conducted where two Facebook applicationsRead MoreMedias Effect on Societys Perspectives Essay1559 Words   |  7 Pagesmodern life, the mass media determines the public opinions on issues in the United States and around the world. Many different forms of media exist in developed nations along with many assessments about each of these innovations and their respective impacts on society. As with all sociological issues, there exist four major divisions of perspective: the interactionalist, functionalist, feminist, and conflict theorists. Each of these groups shares a few opinion connections with the others but all employRead MoreEffects of Smart Phones in the Society Essay1222 Words   |  5 PagesBlackberry OS (RIM), and S60 (Symbian). These operating systems allow their customers to use d ifferent applications for their needs. Smartphone users have an access to the internet. This means that extremely many things can be done by a small device that is portable and one can carry it around everywhere. The users have internet on their pockets (Reed, 2010). The Smartphone is more than a phone and more than a computer. In America, today, 42% of phone users have Smart phones. Smartphone became a

Guilt, Duty, And Unrequited Love Essay Example For Students

Guilt, Duty, And Unrequited Love Essay Guilt, Duty, and Unrequited Love: Deconstructing the Love Triangles in James Joyces The Dead and Thomas Hardys Jude the Obscurequot;Its no problem of mine but its a problem I fight, living a life that I cant leave behind. But theres no sense in telling me, the wisdom of the cruel words that you speak. But thats the way that it goes and nobody knows, while everyday my confusion grows.;quot; New Order, Bizarre Love Triangle, from Substance, 1987Most people who have watched a soap opera can recognize that the love triangle is a crucial element to the plot. In fact, the original radio broadcasted soap operas seemed to consist almost entirely of love triangles. The love triangle, for plot purposes, seems to be a popular technique employed to change the dynamic, add dimension, and generally spice up an otherwise stagnant monogamous relationship. It would make for a pretty dull and quite unpopular show if such popular daytime soap characters as Luke and Laura or Bo and Hope had enjoyed a sm ooth courtship, uncomplicated marriage and then grew old and gray together without a single conflict. The viewers watched them go through many conflicts, some of which involved the classic love triangle. Such conflicts as the love triangle keep the story moving. Common elements of triangles in todays soaps consist of lust, greed, jealousy, any of which are interchangeable with the conflicts resulting from situations involving lovers coming back from the dead or paternity uncertainties. Yet love triangles, whether in the soap opera or in the novel, are not all uniformly constructed. James Joyces The Dead and Thomas Hardys Jude the Obscure, both modernist novels, each contain love triangles as an integral element of the story. The key triangles I will focus on are comprised of Michael, Greta and Gabriel, and, Philotson, Sue, and Jude. Although not absolutely identical, deconstruction reveals guilt, duty, and unrequited love as essential components to the construction of both. #9;Besides the most obvious similarity that both triangles are composed of one woman and two men, guilt also figures prominently. Although the men of the triangles may have their own guilt-related issues, it seems as though it is the guilt felt by the women that presents the most conflict. In The Dead, Greta has to live with the knowledge that it is because of her, although indirectly, that Michael died. It is likely that because of this guilt that she pauses on the staircase to listen to The Lass of Aughrim, a song that, as she tells Gabriel later, reminds her of Michael. At the time, her husband interprets her expression on the staircase as one of quot;grace and mysteryas if she were a symbol of something.quot;(Joyce 2028). He was correct, except not in the way that he thought. All the way to the hotel, the lingering memory of that sight of her incites his passion. However, he experiences a terrible upset as Greta tells him about the song and what it means to her. This is the criti cal moment where Michael, or rather his memory, enters and completes the triangle, although he may have been there all along without Gabriels knowledge. To Gabriel, this turn of events casts a different light on his entire marriage to Greta as he quot;thought of how she who lay beside him had locked in her heart for so many years that image of her lovers eyes when he told her that he did not wish to livequot;(Joyce 2035). He wonders quot;how poor a part he, her husband, had played in her lifequot;(Joyce 2035). Although it is a bit peculiar for one of the members of this bizarre love triangle to reside beyond the grave, we see here that Michael plays a significant role, perhaps altering Gabriel and Gretas relationship forever, with Gretas guilt as the instigating factor. #9;As for Sue, in Jude, her guilt operates on a completely different level, a religious one. Like Greta, Sue also had a sick man die after braving the elements just to see her. Yet, unlike The Dead, this event has no great impact on the love triangle between Jude, Sue and Philotson. This three-cornered romantic disaster, because of Sues return to Philotson, had already reached its climax. If anything, Judes death made Sues promise never to see him again easier. But because Judes death happens at the end of novel, the reader does not find out if this adds to or detracts from her guilt. All we are told is that she is quot;tired and miserable,quot; quot;years and years older,quot; quot;quite a staid worn woman,quot; and still absolutely repulsed by Philotson (Hardy 431). Sues guilt originates from societal pressures, and then surfaces after the death of the children. She knows that shacking up with Jude after her divorce from Philotson is frowned upon, yet she does not share the same morals and values as the society in which she lived, thus, does not expect any sort of punishment. She takes the horrifying death of her children as a sign of divine admonishment. quot;I see marriage differently now!M y babies have been taken from me to show me this!quot;(Hardy 369). Therefore, so that their deaths would not have been in vain, Sue becomes religious and returns to Philotson, adding more complexity to the triangle. Sues last words to Jude before he dies are: quot;Dont follow medont look at me. Leave me, for pitys sake!quot;(Hardy 412). This bizarre love triangle may not be broken even after Judes death, for it is he whom she really loves. For Philotson, Sue only feels a sense of duty. Golden Rice EssayThis may be how Philotson felt when he found that his love for Sue was so undeniably unrequited. How damaging it must be for a mans ego to find that his wife would rather brave sleeping in a closet than with him. Philotson wonders wry, quot;What must a womans aversion be when it is stronger than her fear of spiders!quot;(Hardy 232). The poor man had normal expectations for his marriage, only to find that the mere suggestion of intimacy prompted her leap to what could have been her death. He explains to his friend Gillingham, quot;She jumped out the windowso strong was her dread of me!quot;(Hardy 241). This is the final straw and Philotson grants her a divorce. Yet, he is not the only one to experience unrequited love. Jude does also, but definitely not to such a severe degree. Although, Sue loves Jude, she does not seem to love him enough to stay with him, at least not in the way he loves her. He wants her as a wife and she is content to go back to just friendship. quot;Well be dear friends just the same Jude, wont we?quot;(Hardy 374). She asks him, as if Jude could so easily dissolve his romantic feelings for her. Sues only real true love appear to be her own values and moral urges, which seem to change with the tide throughout the novel. #9;Love, with its power to create agony or ecstasy, is a dependable source of drama, whether it be for the novel or the soap opera. As we see in Jude the Obscure and The Dead, the tension of the love relationship is increased with the addition of a third party. Jude and Sues relationship may likely have been quite simpler without the presence of Philotson. He would not have been an option for Sues need to rectify the death of the children. In fact, she may have seen marriage to Jude as the right thing to do. They may have actually gotten married and been very happy. But for some reason, Hardy did not allow this to happen. Instead, he preferred to leave the reader with the dark view of love, where there is n ot always a happy ending. As for Gabriel and Gretas relationship, if Greta had not told of Michael, Gabriels evening may have ended much differently. He would most likely have satisfied his lust, yet the novel would lack the epiphany Gretas confession causes him to have. The components of guilt, duty, and unrequited love, though not universal traits, do well to maintain the complexity and efficacy of these particular love triangles.